Comorbidity among axis II diagnoses was common. Subjects met the criteria for an average of 2.4 personality disorder diagnoses (SD=1.6). The subjects with borderline personality disorder were more likely than those without borderline personality disorder to meet the criteria for histrionic (29.2% versus 5.6%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (30.6% versus 15.7%; ? 2 =5.59, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.5% versus 3.7%; ? 2 =4.98, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with paranoid personality disorder were more likely than those without paranoid personality disorder to meet the criteria for schizotypal (49.2% versus 20.5%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (33.3% versus 15.4%; ? 2 =7.77, df=1, p=0.005), histrionic (23.5% versus 10.3%; ? 2 =5.90, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.7% versus 4.3%; ? 2 =4.34, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with borderline personality disorder had a higher number of personality disorder diagnoses (other than borderline personality disorder) than subjects without borderline personality disorder (mean=2.3 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–2.35, df=178, p=0.02). Subjects with paranoid personality disorder also had a higher number of personality disorders (other than paranoid personality disorder) than subjects without paranoid personality disorder (mean=2.5 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–3.44, df=178, p=0.001).
Injury inside the Teens otherwise Puberty
Desk 2 suggests the newest incidence regarding experience of stress throughout the childhood/puberty during the victims with and you can in the place of borderline character diseases. Sufferers with borderline identification problems got rather highest pricing out-of physical punishment for the youthfulness/puberty than just subjects versus borderline identification ailment, having gender managed (52.8% rather than 34.3%; ? 2 =5.43, df=step one, p=0.02), nevertheless the communities didn’t disagree in their pricing away from sexual abuse (29.2% instead of 19.4%; ? dos =step one.46, df=1, p=0.23) otherwise away from other sorts of upheaval inside youthfulness/puberty.
Victims having paranoid identity sickness also got a substantially high swapfinder rate away from actual abuse during the youthfulness/adolescence than simply subjects in the place of paranoid character infection, having sex managed (54.0% instead of thirty five.0%; ? dos =5.70, df=step 1, p=0.02). 4% in place of 22.2%; ? dos =0.23, df=step one, p=0.63) or out-of other sorts of trauma within the teens/adolescence. The latest connections out of teens/adolescent physical discipline with borderline character disease with paranoid identification ailment was indeed and additionally checked out that with each one of the other character problems diagnoses because the even more covariates, plus the results was basically mathematically similar.
Sufferers with antisocial identity infection have been probably be compared to those without antisocial identity illness getting started bereaved inside the childhood (53.8% as opposed to 21.0%; ? dos =seven.67, df=step one, p=0.006). Not one of the other types of character infection try notably and you can definitely associated with sexual discipline, bodily abuse, or the other types of injury when you look at the teens/puberty.
Traumatization for the Adulthood
Brand new pricing away from experience of traumatization in adulthood inside sufferers with and you can rather than borderline personality disease are also found inside Dining table 2. Borderline identification ailment was not rather of actual violence, sexual assault, or any other form of trauma inside the adulthood, as we grow old and you can intercourse regulated. Subjects having paranoid identity disorder have been a whole lot more more than likely as opposed to those versus paranoid identity problems for experienced bodily assault inside adulthood, with age and you may sex controlled (33.0% in place of 17.9%; ? 2 =4.84, df=step 1, p=0.03). People with paranoid personality problems in addition to got highest cost off accidents/burns (63.5% versus 47.0%; ? dos =4.86, df=step 1, p=0.03) and combat (9.5% in place of 1.7%; ? 2 =6.forty eight, df=1, p=0.01) than those with no disorder, but these differences just weren’t statistically tall following results of numerous comparisons was in fact managed. Nothing of your other sorts of personality disease was significantly associated which have any sort of trauma in adulthood.
Frequency off PTSD
The new lives prevalence regarding PTSD within gang of subjects was 17.8% (N=32). Brand new rates away from PTSD in females (19.0%, N=12) and guys (17.1%, N=20) were not somewhat more (? 2 =0.eleven, df=step 1, p=0.74). PTSD are most frequent into the subjects that have paranoid (29%) and you can borderline (25%) identity ailment, and you can least prominent during the victims having narcissistic (10%) and you may passive-aggressive (12%) identity illness. Towards left type of personality infection, the brand new frequency from PTSD ranged away from 14% to 18%. Subjects that have and you may instead PTSD don’t differ in their overall number of identification ailment diagnoses (mean=dos.5, SD=1.2, in the place of indicate=2.cuatro, SD=1.6; t=–0.36, df=178, p=0.72).